The livelihood of rural “Scheduled Tribe” (ST) community is mostly dependent on forest, agriculture and animal husbandry. Over the years developmental works in Tribal Sub-Plan area of the state were primarily undertaken through the ‘Integrated Tribal Development Agencies’ (ITDA), under the administrative control of ST & SC Development Department. It was seen that, largely traditional implementation strategies, absence of sustainable local institutions, infrastructure linkages and end-to-end solution in the value chain were the eventual roadblocks making livelihoods of tribal people vulnerable to various unforseen risks.
Visualizing that a focussed approach towards livelihoods suitable to local conditions and capacities of tribal communities as also creation of scalable and replicable livelihood models is the need of the hour, a new approach taking a holistic view of the livelihood ecosystem was launched named as Focused Area Development Programme (FADP) with the following broad objectives:
- Ensuring sustainable livelihoods of ST families through land and non-land based livelihood activities;
- Developing suitable infrastructure so as to improve the standard of living and facilitating incremental results in their livelihoods;
- Developing backward & forward linkages and strengthening local institutions; &
- Improving the governance system in the tribal villages by strengthening the Community Institutions.
The decadal Perspective Plan for FADP aims to cover about 5.12 lakh tribal families with tentative budget of Rs.1569.70 crores. Convergence of Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub-Plan (SCA to TSP) and Article–275(1) funds with national/state flagship schemes such as Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), National Horticulture Mission (NHM), Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), Biju Krushak Vikas Yojana (BKVY)
etc. has been proposed in this Plan
The Odisha Tribal Development Society (OTDS), a society promoted by SC & ST Development (SSD) Department in Government of Odisha and registered under Societies Registration Act 1860, has been facilitating implementation of the FADP. OTDS functions under administrative control of ST & SC Dev Dept with its State office located in the Adivasi Exhibition Ground, Bhubaneswar.
The Governing Council of OTDS has 20 members and Chief Secretary to Govt. of Odisha is ex-officio “President” of Governing Council, OTDS.
The Executive Council of OTDS consists of 8 members and Commissioner–cum–Secretary, SSD Dept. is ex-officio “Chairperson” of Executive Council, OTDS.
Director (ST)–cum–Additional Secretary, SSD Dept. is ex-officio ‘Chief Executive Officer (CEO)’ of OTDS.
For each ITDA, one FNGO has been selected to provide handholding support for community mobilisation, participatory formulation & implementation of projects under the FADP. The FNGOs, who have been engaged in ITDAs, are responsible for preparation of the Annual Budgeted Action Plan (ABAP), Detailed Project Report (DPR), decadal Perspective Plan on various livelihood interventions for the ITDA.
Each ITDA has identified one or two focus areas that are scalable in nature, likely to create significant socio-economic impact and promote economies of scale for product aggregation, value addition and marketing. The 17 sectoral interventions, taken up under FADP is as follows:
||Lac Cultivation & Processing
||NTFP Collection & Marketing
||Micro Enterprise Development
||Skill Training Programme for Tribal Youth